MTP (medical termination of pregnancy) Kit is essentially a combination of two different tablets that one can use to terminate a pregnancy. This medical abortion is made possible by the activity of the medicine that blocks the action of the hormone progesterone. This female hormone is necessary for maintaining any pregnancy since it helps prepare the uterine wall for conceiving. The blocking of its action leads to contractions in the uterus and keeps the wall from forming, thus making the uterus unfit for pregnancy.
The two tablets included in the kit are mifepristone (200 mg) and misoprostol (200 mcg). Both are taken orally, with water, and with a period of almost a couple of days between their intake. Proper rest is advised during this time since there’s a chance of severe pain in the stomach and vaginal bleeding which leads to pregnancy termination. It is advised to keep closely in touch with the doctor during the entire process to avoid any serious issues.
The MTP Kit is useful for terminating an intrauterine pregnancy. So, it is suitable for females who are up to 9 or even 10 weeks pregnant, counting from the first day of the previous menstrual period.
Dosage and Effects
Usually, a tablet each is suggested, to be taken with food. However, take the dose of medicine and in the duration only as advised by the medical professional. In some cases, when vomiting is experienced within 30 minutes of taking a mifepristone tablet, talk to your doctor about it or you can take another tablet. It may take the medicine 24 or up to 48 hours to show its action and spotting or bleeding might be experienced in this while. 36-48 hours after having taken the mifepristone tablet, take the misoprostol tablet orally with plenty of water. However, it can also be taken vaginally. Take quite a lot of rest too – at least three hours – so as to avoid too much stomach pain. As a result of aborting, there will be vaginal bleeding (often with large clots).
The vaginal bleeding may last for approximately 12 days after an intake of the medicine. If there is excessive bleeding or too much pain, talk to your doctor as soon as possible.
While the most common side effects of the MTP Kit include nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and cramps, talk to your doctor about any underlying health problems. This is suggested because being overweight, diabetic, or anemic can affect how the medicine works on you. Moreover, in those cases where the MTP Kit doesn’t seem to help with abortion, there is a chance of a stillbirth.
Some other side effects may include:
- Sleepiness and feeling tired
- Heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia)
- Uterine contractions
If these make you uncomfortable, you should inform your doctor. Most of the side effects can be prevented, cured, or at least reduced. Vaginal bleeding and/or severe abdominal pain are the signs that you must get in touch with your doctor immediately.
Abortion using this method is certainly not very intrusive. It isn’t as painful as an abortion that’s done surgically either. However, there are no guarantees of long-term effects and you can get pregnant quite soon again after using the MTP Kit. This is because it does not affect fertility. However, if you wish to avoid pregnancy, it’s better advised to use a contraceptive method. Using the MTP Kit too often can also lead to an imbalance in the hormonal levels in the body, which is also why a contraceptive method for prevention is trusted as a more reliable one.
The MTP Kit might also not prove to be very helpful in case you suffer from any kidney or liver problems, anemia, or diabetes. Having Rh-negative blood or too much weight can also lead you into difficult circumstances with the medication.
There’s also a risk of stillbirth, miscarriage at a later time, and/or other birth defects if the medication doesn’t help end the pregnancy. Incomplete miscarriages may even result in quite a few medical complications which may later lead to hospitalization, surgery, and even possibly a case of infertility.
Therefore, proper care with everything is suggested since mistakes can prove to be fatal at times. The best way to do this is by keeping in touch with a good doctor. Also, do not hide if you’ve suffered an ectopic pregnancy before.
The MTP Kit should be stored in a sensible manner, following the instructions mentioned on the box, so as to obtain the most effective results, such as:
- Keep the tablets in a safe place, the same packaging as those were delivered to you in, and possibly out of the reach of children.
- Keep the medicine out of too much light and/or moisture. Some reactions take place in the presence of just light and moisture and nothing else, rendering it unusable.
- Also, keep it in the recommended temperature range to keep it beneficial for a long time.
- Do not miss any other points that are labeled on the packaging for sensible safekeeping.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is an MTP Kit used for?
An MTP Kit is useful for terminating a pregnancy without involving any surgical procedures and thus not very intrusively. Females who are up to 9 or 10 weeks pregnant, and possibly without the given underlying medical conditions, can opt for an MTP Kit for an abortion without too much pain and hassle.
What are the components of an MTP Kit?
An MTP Kit has a tablet of mifepristone (200 mg) and four of misoprostol (200 mcg), and both of these can be administered orally. Take both the tablets with food and plenty of water, but not at once.
Is MTP Kit safe to use?
The MTP Kit is perfectly safe to use while you follow the instructions given by your doctor. It doesn’t affect your fertility and you can get pregnant again soon after an abortion induced by the said combination of drugs. If you plan on not getting pregnant again, go for a contraceptive method.
How is an MTP Kit taken?
Orally, and with food and plenty of water. The mifepristone tablet is taken first and 36-48 hours after that, the first misoprostol tablet, both orally. However, misoprostol tablets can also be administered vaginally. Abortion happens soon after the drugs are taken. Vaginal bleeding can take up to 12 days to stop. Proper care is required in the meanwhile.
What are the side effects of MTP Kit?
The medication intake shows the common side effects that include nausea, sleepiness, vomiting, and diarrhea among others. It is also suggested not to drive while taking this medicine to avoid accidents and injuries, since dizziness is another common side effect.